A ring-connected dual active bridge based DC-DC multiport converter for EV fast-charging stations

Yousef Nazih*, Mohamed G. Abdel-Moneim, Ahmed A. Aboushady, Ayman S. Abdel-Khalik, Mostafa S. Hamad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

This paper proposes a multiport DC-DC converter for EV fast-charging stations. The proposed converter is comprised of Ring-Connected Dual Active Bridge (RCDAB) DC-DC converters, where the connection point between every two adjacent DABs provides a DC port. Bypass switches are added to each DAB to eliminate unnecessary power processing stages in the event of idle ports (no EVs) (open circuit ports). The nature of the ring connection of the RCDAB theoretically allows infinite internal power flow solutions within the ring to satisfy a certain power flow scenario at the DC ports, hence, the optimal power flow solution can be selected to minimize total RMS current and losses. Single-phase shift control is applied to this optimization problem to make it simple. A novel closed-loop control scheme using Bisection optimization is developed to minimize the total RMS current. A control-hardware-in-the-loop (CHiL) validation is carried out for a 5-port network of the proposed topology to investigate the converter efficiency and fault tolerance/availability characteristics. Also, an experimental hardware validation is implemented for a 3-port network where different scenarios for power flow and faults are performed. Finally, a comparative discussion between the proposed topology and other multiport topologies in literature is presented revealing the superior performance of the RCDAB topology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52052 - 52066
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Access
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2022

Keywords

  • dual active bridge (DAB)
  • DC-DC multiport converter
  • electric vehicle (EV)
  • fast charging
  • ring-connected DAB (RCDAB)
  • single phase shift (SPS) control

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