A prospective investigation of rumination and executive control in predicting overgeneral autobiographical memory in adolescence

Tracy M. Stewart, Simon C. Hunter, Sinéad M. Rhodes*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The CaR-FA-X model (Williams et al., 2007), or capture and rumination (CaR), functional avoidance (FA), and impaired executive control (X), is a model of overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM). Two mechanisms of the model, rumination and executive control, were examined in isolation and in interaction in order to investigate OGM over time. Across two time points, six months apart, a total of 149 adolescents (13–16 years) completed the minimal-instruction autobiographical memory test, a measure of executive control with both emotional and nonemotional stimuli, and measures of brooding rumination and reflective pondering. The results showed that executive control for emotional information was negatively associated with OGM, but only when reflective pondering levels were high. Therefore, in the context of higher levels of reflective pondering, greater switch costs (i.e., lower executive control) when processing emotional information predicted a decrease in OGM over time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-496
Number of pages15
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume46
Issue number3
Early online date16 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • overgeneral autobiographical memory
  • adolescence
  • rumination
  • executive control
  • emotion
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Mental Recall/physiology
  • Memory, Episodic
  • Male
  • Emotions/physiology
  • Adolescent
  • Rumination, Cognitive/physiology
  • Female
  • Executive Function/physiology

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