A new multistage encryption scheme using linear feedback register and chaos-based quantum map

Adel R. Alharbi, Jawad Ahmad*, Arshad, Sajjad Shaukat Jamal, Fawad Masood, Yazeed Yasin Ghadi, Nikolaos Pitropakis, William J. Buchanan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
62 Downloads (Pure)


With the increasing volume of data transmission through insecure communication channels, big data security has become one of the important concerns in the cybersecurity domain. To address these concerns and keep data safe, a robust privacy-preserving cryptosystem is necessary. Such a solution relies on chaos encryption algorithms over standard cryptographic methods that possess multistage encryption levels, including high speed, high security, low compute overheads, and procedural power, among other characteristics. In this work, a secure image encryption scheme is proposed using linear feedback shift register (LFSR) and chaos-based quantum chaotic map. The focus of the scheme is mainly dependent on the secret keys from the input of the algorithm. The threat landscape, the statistical test analysis, along critical comparisons with other schemes indicate that the presented algorithm is significantly secure and is resistant to a wide range of different attacks such as differential and statistical attacks. The proposed method has sufficiently higher sensitivity and security when compared to existing encryption algorithms. Several security parameters validated the security of proposed work such as correlation coefficient analyses among the neighboring pixels, entropy, the number of pixels change rate (NPCR), unified average change intensity (UACI), mean square error (MSE), brute force, key sensitivity, and peak signal to noise ratio(PSNR) analyses. The randomness of the ciphers produced by the proposed technique is also passed through NIST-800-22. The results of NIST indicate that the ciphers are highly random and do not produce any type of periodicity or pattern.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7047282
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2022


  • big data security
  • encryption
  • cybersecurity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General


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