This paper presents a methodology of optimizing power systems demand due to electric vehicle (EV) charging load. Following a brief introduction to the charging characteristics of EV batteries, a statistical model is presented for predicting the EV charging load. The optimization problem is then described, and the solution is provided based on the model. An example study is carried out with error and sensitivity analysis to validate the proposed method. Four scenarios of various combinations of EV penetration levels and charging modes are considered in the study. A series of numerical solutions to the optimization problem in these scenarios are obtained by serial quadratic programming. The results show that EV charging load has significant potential to improve the daily load profile of power systems if the charging loads are optimally distributed.
- power system
- load demand
- electric vehicle
Zhang, P., Qian, K., Zhou, C., Stewart, B., & Hepburn, D. (2012). A methodology for optimisation of power system demand due to EV charging load. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 27(3), 1628-1636. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2012.2186595