Increased moisture content within an oil-paper insulation system can significantly reduce its life expectancy, and for oil impregnated paper condenser type bushings, it is the most common cause of failure. Distinction between moisture contents using traditional power frequency tests of dissipation factor and capacitance can be difficult, particularly at ambient temperatures. Dielectric frequency response is becoming an established technique to measure the dissipation factor and capacitance of a bushing, but to date an accurate model to evaluate the condenser moisture content has not been presented using this technique.
- oil-paper insulation
- moisture content
- dielectric frequency response
- bushing model