A decade of spore-forming bacterial infections among European injecting drug users: pronounced regional variation

Vivian D. Hope, Norah Palmateer, Lucas Wiessing, Andrea Marongiu, Joanne White, Fortune Ncube, David Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The anthrax outbreak among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Europe has highlighted an ongoing problem with severe illness due to spore-forming bacteria in IDUs. The numbers of cases of four bacterial illnesses (botulism, tetanus, Clostridium novyi, and anthrax) in European IDUs were collated for 2000 to 2009, and population rates calculated. Six countries reported 367 cases; rates varied from 0.03 to 7.54 per million people. Most (92%) were reported from three neighbouring countries: Ireland, Norway and United Kingdom. This geographic variation needs investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-125
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume102
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Fingerprint

Drug Users
Spores
Bacterial Infections
Anthrax
Clostridium tetani
Botulism
Norway
Ireland
Disease Outbreaks
Bacteria
Population

Keywords

  • anthrax
  • outbreak
  • IDUs
  • spore-forming bacteria
  • geographic variation

Cite this

Hope, Vivian D. ; Palmateer, Norah ; Wiessing, Lucas ; Marongiu, Andrea ; White, Joanne ; Ncube, Fortune ; Goldberg, David. / A decade of spore-forming bacterial infections among European injecting drug users: pronounced regional variation. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2012 ; Vol. 102, No. 1. pp. 122-125.
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A decade of spore-forming bacterial infections among European injecting drug users: pronounced regional variation. / Hope, Vivian D.; Palmateer, Norah; Wiessing, Lucas; Marongiu, Andrea; White, Joanne; Ncube, Fortune; Goldberg, David.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 102, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 122-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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