A conceptual framework to design green infrastructure: ecosystem services as an opportunity for creating shared value in ground photovoltaic systems

Teodoro Semeraro*, Roberta Aretano, Amilcare Barca, Alessandro Pomes, Cecilia Del Giudice, Elisa Gatto , Marcello Lenucci, Riccardo Buccolieri, Rohinton Emmanuel, Zhi Gao, Alessandra Scognamiglio

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

A large portion of the evidence for object-based attention comes from experiments using the two-rectangle paradigm introduced by Egly, Driver, and Rafal (1994), in which response times are longer when the two stimulus locations relevant to the task are on separate objects. In the new experiments presented here, response times are longer when the two locations are part of the same object but are separated by a concavity in the object, so that the region directly between the two locations is crossed by the object's boundaries. Response times when the two locations are separated by the concavity are not statistically different from when they are on two separate objects. The results are similar for a two-letter comparison task and for a spatial cuing task. Thus, in these experiments, the response time increase does not reflect the cost of shifting attention from object to object, because it appears when the two locations are on the same object, and it is not increased when they are on different objects. Instead, it seems to reflect the complexity of the region between the two stimulus locations. This finding raises questions about whether data from previous two-rectangle experiments should be attributed to object-based attention.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0900238
Number of pages28
JournalLand
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • ground photovoltaic system; land use; ecosystem services; green infrastructure; water treatment and supply; multifunctional land use; technology services; creating shared value

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    Semeraro, T., Aretano, R., Barca, A., Pomes, A., Del Giudice, C., Gatto , E., Lenucci, M., Buccolieri, R., Emmanuel, R., Gao, Z., & Scognamiglio, A. (2020). A conceptual framework to design green infrastructure: ecosystem services as an opportunity for creating shared value in ground photovoltaic systems. Land, 9(8), [0900238]. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9080238