A comprehensive framework from real-time prognostics to maintenance decisions

Amit Kumar Jain*, Maharshi Dhada, Marco Perez Hernandez, Manuel Herrera, Ajith Kumar Parlikad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


Studying the influence of imperfect prognostics information on maintenance decisions is an underexplored area. To bridge this gap, a new comprehensive maintenance support system is proposed. First, a survival theory-based prognostics module employing the Weibull time-to-event recurrent neural network was deployed in which prognostics competence was enhanced by predicting the parameters of failure distribution. In conjunction with this, a new predictive maintenance (PdM) planning model was framed via a trade-off between corrective maintenance and time lost due to PdM. This optimises maintenance time based on operational and maintenance cost parameters from the historical data. The performance of the proposed framework is demonstrated using an experimental case study on maintenance planning for cutting tools within a manufacturing facility. Systematic sensitivity analysis is provided, and the impact of imperfect prognostics information on maintenance decisions is discussed. Results show that uncertainty about prediction declines as time goes on, and as uncertainty declines, the maintenance timing becomes closer to the remaining useful life. This is expected, as the risk of making a wrong decision decreases over time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-183
Number of pages9
JournalIET Collaborative Intelligent Manufacturing
Issue number2
Early online date21 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2021


  • real-time prognostics
  • imperfect prognostics information
  • maintenance decisions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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