A comparative overview of social enterprise ‘ecosystems’ in Scotland and England: an evolutionary perspective

Richard Hazenberg, Meanu Bajwa-Patel, Michael J Roy, Micaela Mazzei, Simone Baglioni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Social enterprise has been identified as a culturally and socially constructed phenomenon; over recent years there has been increasing focus on how social enterprise ‘ecosystems’ differ across countries. There has been less focus on the differences in social enterprise ecosystems within countries, where regional differences in the cultural, political and social environment can lead to variations in the environment for support. Recent devolution within the United Kingdom has led to all four countries developing fairly diverse political and policy environments. This paper explores these differences through the lens of evolutionary theory which posits that within an ecosystem all organisms are a product of the evolution of that ecosystem and that socio-political and regulatory differences can lead to the rapid divergence of social enterprise ecosystems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-222
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Review of Sociology
Volume26
Issue number2
Early online date12 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • social enterprise
  • ecosytems
  • social policy
  • political devolution

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