The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of client-centred occupational therapy (OT) according to a client-centred process framework, as compared to usual care OT, in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial with the institution (i.e. hospital or rehabilitation centre) as the unit of randomisation was performed. A total of 269 outpatients with MS, 13 hospitals and rehabilitation centres and 29 occupational therapists participated. Primary outcomes included measures of disability, participation and autonomy. Secondary outcomes included fatigue, generic health-related quality of life, quality and evaluation of therapy, therapy compliance and therapy frequency. Measurements were taken at baseline, four months and at eight months follow-up.
- multiple sclerosis
- occupational therapy
- client-centred intervention
Eyssen, I., Steultjens, M., De Groot, V., Steultjens, E., Knol, D. L., Polman, C., & Dekker, J. (2013). A cluster randomised controlled trial on the efficacy of client-centred occupational therapy in multiple sclerosis: good process, poor outcome. Disability and Rehabilitation, 35(19), 1636-1646. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2012.748845