North Sea oil wells when first developed had typical sand in liquid of about 0.01% by volume. Recent global trends have seen the exploration and development of deeper wells with heavier and more viscous oils which require greater operating pressures giving more fracture to fissures in order to release the oils. This results in increased sand content which can be up to 10% by volume. Increased pressures and sand content have the potential to bring about a fundamental shift in flow behaviour, resulting in the need to develop new flow measurement techniques. This project brings together the expertise of two Scottish universities in modelling and measurement of fluids/solids flows to investigate the potential of a coupled smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) model and the discrete element method (DEM) to simulate these multiphase flows and inform the design and installation of the flow measurement devices with an extensive experimental programme.
|Effective start/end date||1/10/14 → 1/10/18|
- Scottish Government: £30,000.00
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