Diagnosis of abnormal temperature rise observed on a 275 kv oil-filled cable surface: a case study

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547 - 553
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Issue number2
Early online date6 Mar 2019
StateE-pub ahead of print - 6 Mar 2019


This paper presents a case study on a 275 kV oil-filled cable. The condition assessment and diagnosis are based on analysis of cable surface temperature in relation to its current load and insulation dielectric loss. The work was initiated by a local abnormal temperature rise of 5.2 °C in cable surface temperature, which was observed during a routine inspection. The temperature rise occurred at bend area with a length of approximately one metre in the Blue Phase. No PD activity was identified using on-line PD measurement. The relation between cable surface temperature, cable core temperature and cable insulation condition was then simulated based on the thermal model of power cables. According to simulation analysis, poor condition of cable insulation or oil from an oil duct penetrating a region under the cable surface were identified as possible reasons for the problem observed. An in service X-ray scanning technique was employed for further investigation and to aid diagnosis. The X-ray images revealed a slight distortion of the PVC sheath and the presence of multiple voids between cable insulation paper and the lead sheath. It was concluded that an oil leakage from the oil duct to the voids under the cable lead sheath was responsible for the local cable surface temperature rise. The result removed the concern of incipient cable breakdown, and a potential unplanned outage.


  • oil filled cables, cable insulation, temperature measurement, liquid leak, X-ray imaging