Attention control comparisons with speech and language therapy for people with aphasia following stroke: methodological concerns raised following a systematic review

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Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Rehabilitation
StateAccepted/In press - 5 May 2018

Abstract

ObjectiveAttention control comparisons in trials of stroke rehabilitation require care to minimise the risk of comparison choice bias. We compared the similarities and differences in speech and language therapy and social support control interventions for people with aphasia.Data Sources: Trial data from the 2016 Cochrane systematic review of speech and language therapy for aphasia after strokeMethods: Direct and indirect comparisons between speech and language therapy, social support and no-therapy controls. We double-data extracted intervention details using the template for intervention description and replication. Standardized mean differences and risk ratios (95% confidence intervals) were calculated. Results: Seven trials compared speech and language therapy with social support (n=447). Interventions were matched in format, frequency, intensity, duration and dose. Procedures and materials were often shared across interventions. Social support providers received specialist training and support. Targeted language rehabilitation was only described in therapy interventions. Higher dropout (P = 0.005, OR 0.51 95% CI 0.32 to 0.81) and non-adherence to social support interventions (P<0.00001, OR 0.18, 95% CI 0.09to0.37) indicates imbalanced completion rates increasing the risk of control comparison bias. Conclusion: Distinctions between social support and therapy interventions were eroded. Theoretically based language rehabilitation was the remaining difference in therapy interventions. Social support is an important formal language rehabilitation adjunct. Therapists should continue to enable those close to the person with aphasia to provide tailored communication support, functional language stimulation and opportunities to apply rehabilitation gains. Systematic group differences in completion rates is a design-related risk of bias in outcomes observed.

Keywords

  • aphasia, stroke, rehabiliation, randomised controlled trial, methodology