A step-wise approach to a national hepatitis C screening strategy in Malaysia to meet the WHO 2030 targets: proposed strategy, coverage, and costs

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  • Lindsey Hiebert
  • Robert Hecht
  • Shan Soe-Lin
  • Rosmawati Mohamed
  • Fatiha Shabaruddin
  • Syed Mukhtar Syed Mansor
  • Maznah Dahlui
  • Amirah Azzeri
  • Scott A McDonald

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-120
Number of pages9
JournalValue in Health Regional Issues
Volume18
Early online date25 Mar 2019
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Abstract

Background
In Malaysia, more than 330¿000 individuals are estimated to be chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), but less than 2% have been treated to date.

Objectives
To estimate the required coverage and costs of a national screening strategy to inform the launch of an HCV elimination program.

Methods
We designed an HCV screening strategy based on a “stepwise” approach. This approach relied on targeting of people who inject drugs in the early years, with delayed onset of widespread general population screening. Annual coverage requirements and associated costs were estimated to ensure that the World Health Organization elimination treatment targets were met.

Results
In total, 6 million individuals would have to be screened between 2018 and 2030. Targeting of people who inject drugs in the early years would limit annual screening coverage to less than 1 million individuals from 2018 to 2026. General population screening would have to be launched by 2026. Total costs were estimated at MYR 222 million ($58 million). Proportional to coverage targets, 60% of program costs would fall from 2026 to 2030.

Conclusions
This exercise was one of the first attempts to conduct a detailed analysis of the required screening coverage and costs of a national HCV elimination strategy. These findings suggest that the stepwise approach could delay the onset of general population screening by more than 5 years after the program's launch. This delay would allow additional time to mobilize investments required for a successful general population screening program and also minimize program costs. This strategy prototype could inform the design of effective screening strategies in other countries.

Keywords

  • costing, elimination, hepatitis , people who inject drugs, population-level screening, screening, stepwise, targeting

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